Authors: Jeb Barnes and Thomas F. Burke
Series: Studies in Postwar American Political Development
Paperback: 272 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press (January 2, 2015)
Judicialization, juridification, legalization-whatever terms they use, scholars, commentators and citizens are fascinated by what one book has called “The Global Rise of Judicial Power” and seek to understand its implications for politics and society. In How Policy Shapes Politics, Jeb Barnes and Thomas F. Burke find that the turn to courts, litigation, and legal rights can have powerful political consequences.
Barnes and Burke analyze the field of injury compensation in the United States, in which judicialized policies operate side-by-side with bureaucratized social insurance programs. They conclude that litigation, by dividing social interests into victims and villains, winners and losers, generates a fractious, chaotic politics in which even seeming allies-business and professional groups on one side, injured victims on the other-can become divided amongst themselves. By contrast, social insurance programs that compensate for injury bring social interests together, narrowing the scope of conflict and over time producing a more technocratic politics.
Policy does, in fact, create politics. But only by comparing the political trajectories of different types of policies — some more court-centered, others less so — can we understand the consequences of arguably one of the most significant developments in post-World War II government, the increasingly prominent role of courts, litigation, and legal rights in politics.
“Brilliant! How Policy Shapes Politics is a landmark. It shows that how we compensate for injuries or illness is a fateful policy choice. One path leads to sharp political conflict with big winners and losers, the other to stable, reasoned and reasonable distribution of costs and benefits. Richly based in evidence and elegantly composed, this study is a must-read for scholars of law, tort litigation, and how public policies — including judicial decisions — shape politics.” –Charles R. Epp, Professor, School of Public Affairs and Administration at the University of Kansas
“I know of no book that does a better job explaining how ‘adversarial legalism’ shapes public policy. Using well-crafted case studies and carefully designed quantitative analysis, Barnes and Burke help us understand the different patterns of politics created by bureaucratic legalism and adversarial legalism. The clarity and depth of their case studies make this a great book for both undergraduate courses and graduate seminars.” –R. Shep Melnick, Thomas P. O’Neill Professor of American Politics, Boston College